Uncovering the Secrets of Rohtasgarh Fort: A Fascinating Glimpse into Bihar’s Rich History


Rohtasgarh Fort is an ancient fortification located in the Rohtas district of Bihar, India. It is situated on a rocky hill called Rohtasgarh, at an elevation of 1500 feet above sea level, and covers an area of about 4 acres.

The fort was built in the 7th century AD by the Hindu king Harishchandra, and later it was captured by Sher Shah Suri in the 16th century. The fort played an important role in the history of India as it was used as a military base by many rulers and empires including the Mughals, the Marathas, and the British.

Rohtasgarh Fort is known for its massive walls, which are made of stone and are about 10 meters high and 3 meters thick. The fort also has several gates, temples, and other structures including a mosque built by Sher Shah Suri.

The fort is a popular tourist attraction and is also recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a great place to explore the history and architecture of India, and to enjoy the natural beauty of the surrounding area.

Discovering the Rich History and Enchanting Beauty of Rohtasgarh Fort, Bihar: Top Attractions to Explore

  1. The Main Gate: The main gate of the fort is known as Hathiya Pol, which means elephant gate. It is a massive gate that has been built in a unique style with a large arch and pillars.
  2. The Baoli: The Baoli is a stepwell that is located inside the fort. It is an impressive structure that was used to store water during the dry season.
  3. The Rani Mahal: The Rani Mahal or the Queen’s Palace is another important attraction of the fort. It is a beautiful palace that was built for the wives of the kings who lived in the fort.
  4. The Rohtasan Temple: The Rohtasan Temple is located inside the fort and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is believed to have been built by the Pandavas during their exile.
  5. The Bihariji Temple: The Bihariji Temple is another important temple located inside the fort. It is dedicated to Lord Krishna and is considered to be one of the most beautiful temples in the region.
  6. The Takiya Masjid: The Takiya Masjid is a mosque that was built by Sher Shah Suri inside the fort. It is a beautiful mosque that has been built in a unique style.

Apart from these, there are several other attractions inside the fort, including the Chandni Mahal, the Panch Mahal, and the Hathi Bhata. The fort also offers breathtaking views of the surrounding area, making it a popular tourist destination in Bihar.

Exploring the Rich Heritage and Natural Beauty Near Rohtasgarh Fort, Bihar

  1. Sher Shah Suri Masjid: This mosque, located in the nearby Sasaram town, was built by Sher Shah Suri in the 16th century. It is an excellent example of Indo-Islamic architecture and is known for its unique blend of Hindu and Islamic styles.
  2. Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary: This wildlife sanctuary, located about 30 km from Rohtasgarh Fort, is a natural habitat for a variety of animals and birds. Visitors can go on jungle safaris, trekking, and bird watching in the sanctuary.
  3. Dehri-on-Sone: This town, located about 25 km from Rohtasgarh Fort, is known for its ancient temples, including the Mundeshwari Temple and the Shiva Temple. The town is also a popular spot for shopping and food.
  4. Sasaram Hill: Located in the nearby town of Sasaram, this hill offers a stunning view of the surrounding landscape. Visitors can hike to the top of the hill and enjoy the scenic beauty.
  5. Manjhar Kund: This is a natural water body located about 15 km from Rohtasgarh Fort. It is a popular spot for picnics, swimming, and boating.

These are just some of the many attractions that you can explore while visiting Rohtasgarh Fort.

Choosing the Perfect Season to Explore Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar

The best time to visit Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar is from October to March when the weather is pleasant and suitable for outdoor activities. During this time, the temperature ranges from 10 to 25 degrees Celsius, making it perfect for sightseeing and exploring the fort’s complex.

It is not recommended to visit Rohtasgarh Fort during the summer months, from April to June, as the temperature can soar above 40 degrees Celsius, making it difficult to explore the fort in the scorching heat. Similarly, the monsoon season, which falls between July to September, should also be avoided due to heavy rainfall and the possibility of landslides.

Therefore, the best time to visit Rohtasgarh Fort is during the winter season, from October to March, to enjoy the pleasant weather and explore the historical monument without any inconvenience.

How to reach

Rohtasgarh Fort is approximately 170 kilometers away from the capital city of Patna. Here are some ways to reach Rohtasgarh Fort:

By Air: The nearest airport to Rohtasgarh Fort is the Patna Airport, which is approximately 150 kilometers away. From the airport, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach the fort.

By Train: The nearest railway station to Rohtasgarh Fort is Sasaram Junction, which is approximately 10 kilometers away. Several trains from different parts of the country stop at this station. From Sasaram, you can hire a taxi or take a local bus to reach the fort.

By Road: Rohtasgarh Fort is well-connected by road to major cities in Bihar and neighboring states. Regular buses and taxis are available from Patna, Varanasi, and other nearby towns to reach the fort.

Once you reach Rohtasgarh, you can hire a local guide to explore the fort and learn about its history and significance.