Bihar offers to the discerning tourist a variegated wealth of our ancient civilization, history, culture and religion that India stands for. The ruins of ancient capitals, religious sites and learning centers are dotted all over the tourist map of the state; these tourist places in Bihar still remain the major draw for the visitors.

Bihar Tourist Atractions

Bihar has observed the rise and fall of some of India’s important dynasties – the Mauryas, the Guptas and the Palas. The world’s earliest university flourished here form the 5th century to the 11th century. The remains of which is the major tourist attractions in Bihar.

The holy Buddhist places in Bihar form a circuit which is renowned across the world as most essential tourist attractions in Bihar. Some important sites of Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism are also located within Bihar.

Among the most important tourist attractions in Bihar, following are must visits:

Bodhgaya

Bodhgaya is a perfect place for those you wish to experience enlightenment and spirituality. India being a land of sages and gurus makes Bodhgaya an important place for those in quest for heightened spirituality. This makes it one of the most visited destinations in the world. It is said that Lord Buddha meditated here under a Pipal tree and attained enlightenment. The tree is called “Bodhi Tree”. A descendant of the same tree still flourishes here. It’s also an important Centre of Hindu Pilgrimage where people go to pray for the salvation of their ancestors. Bodhgaya is located at a distance of 13 km from the Gaya town.

Attractions in Bodhgaya:

  • Mahabodhi Temple
  • Great Buddha Statue
  • The Bodhi Tree
  • Bodhi Sarovar
  • Chankaramana
  • Dungeswari Caves

 

Nalanda

A legacy of rich ancient knowledge is what Nalanda represents in Bihar. The renowned Buddhist University was established in the 5th century by the Gupta emperors, making it the most ancient university in the region. There were thousand of teachers and students from all over the world and its fame continued to spread far and wide until the end of the 12th century. Nalanda is located at a distance of 90 km from Patna.

Attractions in Nalanda:

  • Ancient University
  • Nalanda Archeological Museum
  • Nalanda University Ruins Archeological Complex

Vaishali

Vaishali one of those places that will make you realize of its prosperous historical legacy. Excavations revealed its remarkable primeval past. Lord Buddha occasionally visited the place and provided lectures and dialogues. It was once the center for trade and commerce.

The city finds its mention in literature as old as the Ramayana. The second Buddhist council took place here. The place remains twice blessed by virtue of the birth of Jain prophet Lord Mahavira here in 527 BC. Historians also maintain that the world’s first elected assembly of representatives was formed here giving birth to a republic in 6th century.

Attractions in Vaishali:

  • Ashokan Pillar
  • Budha Stupas
  • Bawan Pokhar Temple
  • Kundanlpur
  • Raja Vishal’s Garh

Rajgir

Located at a distance of 15 km from Nalanda, Rajgir is surrounded by greenery and is among the most beautiful places in India. This forest clad hill town of today was one time the capital of the Magadh Mahajanpad (State) and also the site for the first Buddhist Council. Lord Buddha spent many years here and delivered sermons.

Attraction in Rajgir:

  • Jivakameavan Gardens
  • Jarashand ka Akhara
  • Ajatshatru Fort
  • Shanti Stupa
  • Cyclopean Wall
  • Venu Vana
  • Karanda Tank
  • Sonbhandar Caves
  • Bimbisar Jail
  • Veerayatan
  • Chariot Route Marks
  • Jain Temple
  • Pippala Cave
  • Hot Springs
  • Swarn Bhandar

Patna

Today’s capital city, Patna, was also the capital of ancient Bihar – Pataliputra. The history dates back to 2 millennia. Patna offers rich heritage coupled with innumerable ways of enjoyment and entertainment. There are many places worth a visit, in and around the city.

Attractions in Patna:

  • Hanuman Mandir
  • Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb
  • Kumhrar
  • Jadu Ghar, Patna Museum
  • Golghar
  • Qila House
  • State Secretariat Building
  • Patna Planetarium
  • Gandhi Setu

Pawapuri

Here Lord Mahavira breathed his last around 500 B.C. and was cremated. It is said that large amount of soil was removed from around the funeral pyre to create a water tank because there was great demand for his ashes. Today, a marble temple stands here, known as Jalmandir.

Attractions in Pawapuri:

  • Samoahram
  • Jalmandir

 

Kushinagar

Situated against a rustic backdrop, Kushinagar is well-known because of its association with Buddha’s cremation. It is said that Buddha finally got liberated from the birth-death cycle at this place, which is identical in Hindu religion beliefs. The place is known for its historical legacy and its strong appeal to unite Buddhism from around the world.

Attractions in Kushinagar:

  • Rambhar Stupa
  • Nirvana Temple
  • Japanese Temple
  • Mata Kaur Shrine

Among other tourist attractions in Bihar there are Harminder Sahib, State Museum, Martyr’s Memorial, Sher Shah’s mausoleum, Vikramshila, Animesh Lochan Chaitya, Ratnagarh, Surajpur Baragaon, Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall, Abhiskek Pushkarn, Rajgir Dance Festival, Chath Puja at Surya Temple and lots more.

Article Source : http://travel.mapsofindia.com/travel-bihar/tourist-attractions.html