About Bihar

Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the 12th largest state in terms of geographical size at 38,202 sq mi (99,200 km²) and 3rd largest by population.

Bihar lies mid-way between the West Bengal in the east and Uttar Pradesh in the west. It is bounded by the country of Nepal to the north and by Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two parts by the river Ganges which flows through the middle from west to east. Bihar has notified forest area of 6,764.14 km², which is 6.8% of its geographical area. Hindi and Urdu are the official languages of the state, whilst the majority of the people speak one of these languages — Angika, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Maithili and Bajjika.

The history of Bihar is one of the most varied in India. Ancient Bihar was the center of power, learning, and culture in India for 1000 years. India’s first empire, the Maurya empire as well as one of the world’s greatest pacifist religion, Buddhism arose from the region that now makes modern Bihar. Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule. Its capital Pataliputra, now known as Patna, was an important political, military, and economic center of Indian civilization during the ancient and classical periods of history. Many of the ancient Indian text, written outside of the religious epics, were written in ancient Bihar. One of the first known republics in the world, Licchavi, existed in the region since before the birth of Mahavira. The classical Gupta dynasty of Bihar, was known to have been a period of great culture and learning inside India. The Gupta period is known today as the Golden Age of India. Post the Gupta period, Bihar played a very small role in Indian affairs, until the emergence of the Suri dynasty during the Islamic period in the 1540s. After the fall of the Suri dynasty in 1556, Bihar again became a marginal player in India and was the staging post for the Bengal Presidency from the 1750s and up to the war of 1857-58. In 1935, Bihar was carved out as a separate provience in the British Indian Empire. Since 1947, Bihar has been a state in the Indian Union.

Disivions of Bihar

Sr. No Division Headquarters Districts
1 Bhagalpur Bhagalpur Banka, Bhagalpur
2 Darbhanga Darbhanga Begusarai, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur
3 Kosi Saharsa Madhepura, Saharsa, Supaul
4 Magadh Gaya Arwal, Aurangabad, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada
5 Munger Munger Jamui, Khagaria, Munger, Lakhisarai, Sheikhpura
6 Patna Patna Bhojpur, Buxar, Kaimur, Patna, Rohtas, Nalanda
7 Purnia Purnia Araria, Katihar, Kishanganj, Purnia
8 Saran Chapra Gopalganj, Saran, Siwan
9 Tirhut Muzaffarpur East Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, West Champaran

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